Just yesterday at the University of Rwanda finished the two-day International Symposium on Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Public Health Care in Eastern and Southern Africa under the theme “Enriching Public Health Equity and Leadership through Indigenous Knowledge Systems”. Ministries, researchers in health care system, pharmacists and traditional healers talked about the current state of traditional and modern medicine. In spite of the importance of modern medicine, the participants focused on the significance of preserving the indigenous knowledge of traditional healers and problems the medicine faces: depletion of medical trees and herbs, and a proper policy regulating the accreditation of healers.